Terracotta warriors unearthed from the mausoleum of Xi'an

terracotta warriors xian statues
Xi'an, China - 24 years after their initial discoveries, Chinese archaeologists have started new excavations at the famous site where Xi'an warriors of incredible terracotta army, size, had been uncovered.

The statues of the mausoleum of first emperor of the country have been revealed in 1974 on the outside of Xi'an, the ancient capital of China. This tomb and the museum that accompanies the Chinese tourist sites are most visited and attracting hundreds of thousands of visitors.

In the three pools of the tomb, there are 8,000 statues of archers, infantry soldiers, officers ... and 130 chariots with 520 horses and 150 riders. The characters are all different, are very realistic and are between 1.80 and 1.90 meter tall and weighing 180 kg. They are believed to have been created to protect the first emperor of China, Qin Shi Huangdi in the afterlife. The emperor died in 210 BC at the age of 50 years, having unified China, reformed the system of writing and initiated the construction of several major works.

The new excavations are concentrating on an area of 656 m², in the main pit tomb. Archaeologists hope to discover more of these soldiers carefully shaped, especially representatives of senior military officers are rare.

The tomb was robbed less than 5 years after the death of the Emperor by a rival army, which has damaged most of the warriors. Moreover, since their discovery, people have been dilapidated by moisture or exposure to pollution of local industries. According to Cao Wei, director of the museum, to preserve the details of the statues will be a real challenge and will require very careful work. Indeed, the 1,000 statues unearthed and exposed to air have already washed out colors, but the museum is cooperating with a German university to develop a good technology to preserve their color.

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